Knowing the Right Italian Time
Some journalists start finding out everything we need to know by asking the classic “five Ws and an H”: Who? Where? When? What? Why? How? This series of blogs shows how to put these queries to good use in the Italian language.
Asking the time is easy in Italian: Che ora è? or Che ore sono? (literally, what is the hour? what are the hours?). But telling time isn’t the same as knowing the right time to go to the market, drink a cappuccino, arrive at church or leave a party. Italians seem born with an innate sense of social timing. The rest of us may need help in mastering the art of vivere secondo i ritmi di vita italiani (living according to the rhythms of Italian life).
Units of Time
Un calendario italiano (an Italian calendar), like others, breaks down un anno (a year) into dodici mesi (twelve months) made up of approximately quattro settimane (four weeks. The sette giorni (seven days) of the week are lunedì (Monday, the first day of an Italian week), martedì (Tuesday), mercoledì (Wednesday), giovedì (Thursday), venerdì (Friday), sabato (Saturday) and domenica (Sunday).
As in other countries, Italians officially employ a 24-hour clock (orologio) so that 6:00 p.m., for instance, is 18:00 (diciotto). When they do use the American-style 12-hour system, Italians stipulate morning, afternoon, evening and night: le nove di mattina (nine in the morning), le due del pomeriggio (two in the afternoon), le sette di sera (seven in the evening), le dieci di notte (ten at night).
Ogni minuto del giorno (every minute of every day) is made up of 60 secondi. Italian also has an unofficial measure of time: an attimo (an instant or minute) or even an attimino (a split-second). You’re likely to hear this expression when, say, an operator puts you on hold. You can be sure that it will take a lot longer.
Opening and Closing Times
Unlike New York, which takes pride in being “the city that never sleeps,” Italy doesn’t live on a 24/7 schedule. First-time tourists often are surprised to find “chiuso” (closed) signs in shops or museums in the middle of the day and entire villages shuttered on Sundays.
Some restaurants and shops in big cities and popular tourist destinations have adopted an orario nonstop or continuato (a continuous schedule) and remain aperto (open) most of the day most days. The majority have not.
Although specific times vary by region, negozi (shops), including alimentari (grocery stores), generally close for lunch (most often at 1:00 p.m.) for about three hours (until 3:30 to 4:00 p.m.) and then remain open until 7:30 or 8:00 p.m. In the South some shops reopen at 4.30 or 5:00 p.m. and close at 8.30 or 9:00 p.m.
Post offices and banks may close for the day at 1:30 or 2:00 p.m. In cities like Rome many shops shut their doors from Saturday afternoon until Monday afternoon. In smaller towns and villages shops often close for un giorno di riposo (a day of rest) once a week.
Although some fear its extinction, “la pausa” — an interval after lunch and before the return to work — remains a valued part of an Italian day. If you’re a tourist, take advantage of these quiet hours to stroll through the relatively uncrowded streets. Better yet, find yourself a shady spot at an outdoor café or in a piazza and simply savor the rhythm of Italian time.
Words and Expressions
di quando in quando — every so often, from time to time
da quando in qua? — since when?
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